Unmet need for family planning after internal migration: Analysis of Ethiopia 2017–2018 PMA survey data

Emily A. Groene, Devon Kristiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Internal migration's effect on family planning behavior depends upon migration circumstances. While many studies describe instability and displacement's effect on family planning access, fewer studies consider the positive association between internal migration and family planning behavior. Using Performance Monitoring for Action (PMA) survey data, we examine the relationship between internal migration and unmet need for family planning in Ethiopia from 2017-2018. We describe determinants of family planning behavior by migrant status and model migration's effect on unmet need for family planning using multilevel logistic regression. Internal migrants studied tend to be more educated and wealthier and have less unmet need than non-migrants, likely due to different fertility preferences and human capital. This contributes to existing research by illustrating how rural-urban migration in Ethiopia relates to family planning behaviour. Findings will be of interest to social scientists and policymakers evaluating family planning resource allocation to reduce unmet need in African contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2376
JournalPopulation, Space and Place
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge support from the Minnesota Population Center (P2C HD041023) funded through a grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). This paper is based on research and a data integration initiative funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The findings and conclusions contained within are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect positions or policies of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • Ethiopia
  • family planning
  • fertility preferences
  • internal migration
  • unmet need


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