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Metallic LaAlO3/SrTiO3 (LAO/STO) interfaces attract enormous attention, but the relationship between the electron mobility and the sheet electron density, ns, is poorly understood. Here, we derive a simple expression for the three-dimensional electron density near the interface, n3D, as a function of ns and find that the mobility for LAO/STO-based interfaces depends on n3D in the same way as it does for bulk doped STO. It is known that undoped bulk STO is strongly compensated with N5×1018 cm-3 background donors and acceptors. In intentionally doped bulk STO with a concentration of electrons n3D<N, background impurities determine the electron scattering. Thus, when n3D<N, it is natural to see in LAO/STO the same mobility as in the bulk. On the other hand, in the bulk samples with n3D>N, the mobility collapses because scattering happens on n3D intentionally introduced donors. For LAO/STO, the polar catastrophe which provides electrons is not supposed to provide an equal number of random donors and thus the mobility should be larger. The fact that the mobility is still the same implies that for the LAO/STO, the polar catastrophe model should be revisited.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The theoretical work was supported by the National Science Foundation through the University of Minnesota MRSEC under Award No. DMR-1420013. H. Tuller thanks the National Science Foundation for his support under Award No. DMR-1507047. K.V.R. was supported by the Russian Science Foundation under Grant No. 17-72-10072. The authors gratefully acknowledge discussions with M. Bibes, C. Leighton, B. Jalan, H. Fu, and D. C. Vaz.
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- Period 4