Universal dental adhesives: Current status, laboratory testing, and clinical performance

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increasing demand for simplified and user-friendly adhesive systems has led to the development of a new class of adhesives termed as Universal Adhesives (UAs). The term “Universal” reflects manufacturers' claims that these adhesives can be applied with any adhesion strategy and offer the versatility of use with a variety of direct and indirect restorative materials. The aim of this review was to synthesize the literature regarding the current status of UAs, their adhesion potential to various substrates and their performance in different restorative situations. In vitro studies, clinical trials and systematic reviews were identified utilizing controlled vocabulary and keyword searches in Medline and EMBASE databases. About 282 studies (272 in vitro studies; 11 clinical studies) were included. Available laboratory and clinical evidence does not support the claim that UAs can be used with any adhesive strategy. Although, they can chemically bond to various tooth and direct/indirect restorative substrates, the stability of this bond is material-dependent and subject to hydrolytic degradation. Hence, additional measures are still needed to ensure long-term durability. which undermines the versatility of UAs. The lack of long-term data regarding the clinical performance of UAs further complicates clinical decision-making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2121-2131
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials
Volume107
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • clinical performance
  • laboratory performance
  • multi-mode adhesives
  • review
  • universal adhesives

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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