## Abstract

A difficulty in the theory of a thin elastic interface is that series expansions in its thickness become disordered in the high-contrast limit, i.e. when the interface is much softer or much stiffer than the media on either side. We provide a mathematical analysis of such series for an annular coating around a cylindrical fibre embedded in an elastic matrix subject to biaxial forcing. We determine the order of magnitude of successive terms in the series, and hence the terms that need to be retained in order to ensure that every neglected term is smaller in order of magnitude than at least one retained term. In this way, we obtain uniform approximations for quantities such as the jump in the displacement and stress across the coating, and explain some peculiarities that have been observed in numerical work. A key finding is that it is essential to distinguish three types of boundary-value problem, corresponding to 'distant forcing', 'localized forcing' and 'the homogeneous problem', since they give different patterns of disorder in the corresponding series expansions. This provides a meaningful correspondence between physical principles and our mathematical results.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 20230140 |

Journal | Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences |

Volume | 479 |

Issue number | 2277 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 6 2023 |

Externally published | Yes |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2023 The Author(s).

## Keywords

- Taylor series
- composite
- elastic inclusion
- thin layer