Uniaxial Strain Control of Bulk Ferromagnetism in Rare-Earth Titanates

A. Najev, S. Hameed, D. Gautreau, Z. Wang, J. Joe, M. PoŽek, T. Birol, R. M. Fernandes, M. Greven, D. Pelc

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Abstract

The perovskite rare-earth titanates are model Mott insulators with magnetic ground states that are very sensitive to structural distortions. These distortions couple strongly to the orbital degrees of freedom and, in principle, it should be possible to tune the superexchange and the magnetic transition with strain. We investigate the representative system (Y,La,Ca)TiO3, which exhibits low crystallographic symmetry and no structural instabilities. From magnetic susceptibility measurements of the Curie temperature, we demonstrate direct, reversible, and continuous control of ferromagnetism by influencing the TiO6 octahedral tilts and rotations with uniaxial strain. The relative change in TC as a function of strain is well described by ab initio calculations, which provides detailed understanding of the complex interactions among structural, orbital, and magnetic properties in rare-earth titanates. The demonstrated manipulation of octahedral distortions opens up far-reaching possibilities for investigations of electron-lattice coupling, competing ground states, and magnetic quantum phase transitions in a wide range of quantum materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number167201
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume128
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 22 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank M. Lukas and C. Leighton for fruitful comments and discussions. The work at the University of Minnesota was funded by the Department of Energy through the University of Minnesota Center for Quantum Materials, under Grant No. DE-SC-0016371. The work at the University of Zagreb was supported by the Croatian Science Foundation through Grant No. IP-01-2018-2970.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Physical Society.

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