Unexpectedly Stable (Chlorocarbonyl)(N-ethoxycarbonylcarbamoyl)disulfane, and Related Compounds That Model the Zumach-Weiss-Kühle (ZWK) Reaction for Synthesis of 1,2,4-Dithiazolidine-3,5-diones

George Barany, Doyle Britton, Lin Chen, Robert P. Hammer, Matthew J. Henley, Alex M. Schrader, Victor G. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Zumach-Weiss-Kühle (ZWK) reaction provides 1,2,4-dithiazolidine-3,5-diones [dithiasuccinoyl (Dts)-amines] by the rapid reaction of O-ethyl thiocarbamates plus (chlorocarbonyl)sulfenyl chloride, with ethyl chloride and hydrogen chloride being formed as coproducts, and carbamoyl chlorides or isocyanates generated as yield-diminishing byproducts. However, when the ZWK reaction is applied with (N-ethoxythiocarbonyl)urethane as the starting material, heterocyclization to the putative "Dts-urethane"? does not occur. Instead, the reaction directly provides (chlorocarbonyl)(N-ethoxycarbonylcarbamoyl)disulfane, a reasonably stable crystalline compound; modified conditions stop at the (chlorocarbonyl)[1-ethoxy-(N-ethoxycarbonyl)formimidoyl]disulfane intermediate. The title (chlorocarbonyl)(carbamoyl)disulfane cannot be converted to the elusive Dts derivative, but rather gives (N-ethoxycarbonyl)carbamoyl chloride upon thermolysis, or (N-ethoxycarbonyl)isocyanate upon treatment with tertiary amines. Additional transformations of these compounds have been discovered, providing entries to both known and novel species. X-ray crystallographic structures are reported for the title (chlorocarbonyl)(carbamoyl)disulfane; for (methoxycarbonyl)(N-ethoxycarbonylcarbamoyl)disulfane, which is the corresponding adduct after quenching in methanol; for [1-ethoxy-(N-ethoxycarbonyl)formimidoyl](N′-methyl-N′-phenylcarbamoyl)disulfane, which is obtained by trapping the title intermediate with N-methylaniline; and for (N-ethoxycarbonylcarbamoyl)(N′-methyl-N′-phenylcarbamoyl)disulfane, which is a short-lived intermediate in the reaction of the title (chlorocarbonyl)(carbamoyl)disulfane with excess N-methylaniline. The new chemistry and structural information reported herein is expected to contribute to accurate modeling of the ZWK reaction trajectory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11313-11321
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 20 2015

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© 2015 American Chemical Society.


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