Unemployment, Parental Help, and Self-Efficacy During the Transition to Adulthood

Jeylan T. Mortimer, Minzee Kim, Jeremy Staff, Mike Vuolo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Youth unemployment reduces the capacity to achieve diverse markers of adulthood, potentially undermining the young adult’s sense of confidence and independence. While parents often come to the aid of their unemployed young adult children, such support may also have negative psychological repercussions. Applying a hierarchical modeling strategy to longitudinal data from the Youth Development Study, the authors find that both unemployment and parental financial support have negative consequences for youth’s self-efficacy. These common experiences may thus diminish youth’s personal psychological resources as they make the increasingly lengthy and precarious transition to adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)434-465
Number of pages32
JournalWork and Occupations
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, © The Author(s) 2016.


  • efficacy
  • labor market outcomes
  • parent–young adult relationships
  • transition to adulthood
  • unemployment


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