Unemployment and men's entrance into female-dominated jobs

Jill E. Yavorsky, Janette Dill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite the contraction of many male-dominated occupations, men have made limited progress in entering female-dominated jobs. Using monthly employment histories from the SIPP, we examine whether individual economic conditions—such as a period of unemployment—are associated with men subsequently pursuing female-dominated work. Specifically, we ask whether men are more likely to enter female-dominated jobs after unemployment, compared to men who take a new job directly from employment. We find that unemployment significantly increases the odds of men entering female-dominated work among men who make job transitions. By examining changes in occupational prestige as well as wage differences before and after unemployment, we also find that entering a female-dominated job (compared to other job types) may help men mitigate common scarring effects of unemployment such as wage losses and occupational prestige downgrades. Accordingly, this study reveals a critical occupational route that may allow men to remain upwardly mobile after involuntary unemployment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102373
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume85
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • Female-dominated jobs
  • Income and wages
  • Occupational prestige
  • Unemployment
  • Work and occupations

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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