Understanding responses to political conflict: Interactive effects of the need for closure and salient conflict schemas

Agnieszka Golec, Christopher M. Federico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two studies examined the relationship between the need for cognitive closure and preferences for conflict-resolution strategies in 2 different samples of elite political actors. Although research has suggested that high need for closure should be associated with competitiveness, the authors argue that this relationship should be strongest among political actors with a hostile conflict schema, or representation of what a conflict is and how it should be dealt with. The authors provide evidence for this hypothesis using archival survey data on American foreign-policy officials' attitudes toward international conflict at the height of the Cold War (Study 1) and their own data on the relationship between the need for closure and conflict-strategy preferences among samples of activists from 2 political parties in Poland: a centrist party with a reputation for cooperativeness and an extremist party with a reputation for confrontation (Study 2). The broader implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-762
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

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