Understanding place meanings in planning and managing the wildland-urban interface: The case of Florida trail hikers

Namyun Kil, Taylor V. Stein, Stephen M. Holland, Dorothy H. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


As urban sprawl encroaches into natural ecosystems and recreational use of wildland-urban interface (WUI) areas increases, a better understanding of the values and attitudes of visitors could assist both those visitors and WUI area managers. This study examines the influence that place meanings have on WUI visitors' benefits sought and preferences for landscape attributes and trail settings and suggests management implications. Data from on-site interviews with the Florida National Scenic Trail hikers through WUI areas were analyzed. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that place meanings consisted of place dependence, place identity, community identity, legacy identity, and nature and natural process. Cluster analysis generated high, -medium, and -low place attached clustered groups. Sociodemographic variables were not significantly related to place meanings, but visitors' trail use history and the trail's proximity to their residences were related. Significant differences in desired experiences were found between three clustered WUI groups. The highly attached WUI group desired escape, nature learning/exploration, and achievement more strongly than the other clustered groups. Similarly, the highly attached group preferred natural features (e.g., undisturbed nature, wildlife habitat, air, water, and soil quality) and traveling on natural trails more strongly than other groups. These results highlight the importance of maintaining natural conditions in WUI areas that provide biodiversity, higher water and air quality, protection of wildlife habitat, and recreation/tourism opportunities, which support human emotional and psychological feelings and well-being and higher levels of meanings ascribed to WUI trails.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-379
Number of pages10
JournalLandscape and Urban Planning
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 30 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the National Forests in Florida for funding the project.


  • Outcomes-focused management
  • Place meanings
  • Recreation experiences and benefits
  • Recreation planning and management
  • Social values
  • Wildland-urban interface


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