Underage alcohol use: Summary of developmental processes and mechanisms: Ages 16-20

Sandra A. Brown, Matt Mc Gue, Jennifer Maggs, John Schulenberg, Ralph Hingson, Scott Swartzwelder, Christopher Martin, Tammy Chung, Susan F. Tapert, Kenneth Sher, Ken C Winters, Cherry Lowman, Stacia Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Late adolescence (i.e., the agegroup between 16 and 20 years) is characterized by significant changes in neurological and cognitive processes, behavioral and social functioning, and relational and physical contexts as the individual moves toward adulthood. In this agegroup, major role transitions affect almost every aspect of life. Moreover, brain development continues-and with it the development of cognitive functions, working memory, emotional and behavioral selfregulation, and decisionmaking. The adolescent's social and emotional development also continues to evolve, affecting interactions with parents, siblings, peers, and first romantic relationships. All of these changes impact drinking behavior during late adolescence, and, in fact, alcohol use, binge drinking, and heavy drinking are particularly prevalent in youth ages 16-20. Determining the common trajectories of drinking behavior in this age-group is important for understanding how adolescent alcohol use helps shape adult outcomes and for identifying risk and protective factors. It also is important to study the short and longterm consequences of adolescent alcohol use and abuse, including alcohol's effects on the developing adolescent brain and accomplishment of important developmental tasks of this age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-52
Number of pages12
JournalAlcohol Research and Health
Volume32
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 20 2009

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Adolescent drinking
  • Alcohol and other drug effects and consequences
  • Binge drinking
  • Biological development
  • Brain
  • Cognitive development
  • Decisionmaking
  • Drinking behavior
  • Emotional development
  • Heavy drinking
  • Risk and protective factors
  • Socialization
  • Underage drinking

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    Brown, S. A., Mc Gue, M., Maggs, J., Schulenberg, J., Hingson, R., Swartzwelder, S., Martin, C., Chung, T., Tapert, S. F., Sher, K., Winters, K. C., Lowman, C., & Murphy, S. (2009). Underage alcohol use: Summary of developmental processes and mechanisms: Ages 16-20. Alcohol Research and Health, 32(1), 41-52.