Underage alcohol use: Summary of developmental processes and mechanisms: Ages 16-20

Sandra A. Brown, Matthew McGue, Jennifer Maggs, John Schulenberg, Ralph Hingson, Scott Swartzwelder, Christopher Martin, Tammy Chung, Susan F. Tapert, Kenneth Sher, Ken C. Winters, Cherry Lowman, Stacia Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Late adolescence (i.e., the agegroup between 16 and 20 years) is characterized by significant changes in neurological and cognitive processes, behavioral and social functioning, and relational and physical contexts as the individual moves toward adulthood. In this agegroup, major role transitions affect almost every aspect of life. Moreover, brain development continues-and with it the development of cognitive functions, working memory, emotional and behavioral selfregulation, and decisionmaking. The adolescent's social and emotional development also continues to evolve, affecting interactions with parents, siblings, peers, and first romantic relationships. All of these changes impact drinking behavior during late adolescence, and, in fact, alcohol use, binge drinking, and heavy drinking are particularly prevalent in youth ages 16-20. Determining the common trajectories of drinking behavior in this age-group is important for understanding how adolescent alcohol use helps shape adult outcomes and for identifying risk and protective factors. It also is important to study the short and longterm consequences of adolescent alcohol use and abuse, including alcohol's effects on the developing adolescent brain and accomplishment of important developmental tasks of this age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-52
Number of pages12
JournalAlcohol Research and Health
Volume32
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Jan van Heiningen, Greig Hull, Aleksey Bykov, Peggy Hung, Shannon Hoekstra, and Jonas Ritter are acknowledged for their contributions to specimen preparation, metallography, and analysis. Material for the corrosion samples was donated by Haynes International and Rolled Alloys. Funding was provided in support of this research by the member companies of FPInnovations, with support from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Advanced Manufacturing Office under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with UT-Battelle, LLC, administered by James R. Keiser at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and supported by in-kind contributions from the following project partners: Åbo Akademi University, Andritz Oy, Babcock & Wilcox, Catalyst Paper, Chalmers University of Technology, Domtar Corporation, FM Global, FPInnovations, Foster Wheeler, Georgia Institute of Technology, Haynes International, Howe Sound Pulp & Paper, International Paper, MeadWestvaco, Metso Power, Outokumpu Stainless, Rolled Alloys, Sandvik Materials Technology, SharpConsultant, Southern Company, Special Metals, ThyssenKrupp VDM, University of Toronto Pulp and Paper Center, Vattenfall Power, and the Weyer-haeuser Company. TJ

Funding Information:
Jan van Heiningen, Greig Hull, Aleksey Bykov, Peggy Hung, Shannon Hoekstra, and Jonas Ritter are acknowledged for their contributions to specimen preparation, metallography, and analysis. Material for the corrosion samples was donated by Haynes International and Rolled Alloys. Funding was provided in support of this research by the member companies of FPInnovations, with support from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Advanced Manufacturing Office under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with UT-Battelle, LLC, administered by James R. Keiser at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and supported by in-kind contributions from the following project partners: ?bo Akademi University, Andritz Oy, Babcock & Wilcox, Catalyst Paper, Chalmers University of Technology, Domtar Corporation, FM Global, FPInnovations, Foster Wheeler, Georgia Institute of Technology, Haynes International, Howe Sound Pulp & Paper, International Paper, MeadWestvaco, Metso Power, Outokumpu Stainless, Rolled Alloys, Sandvik Materials Technology, SharpConsultant, Southern Company, Special Metals, ThyssenKrupp VDM, University of Toronto Pulp and Paper Center, Vattenfall Power, and the Weyerhaeuser Company. TJ.

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Adolescent drinking
  • Alcohol and other drug effects and consequences
  • Binge drinking
  • Biological development
  • Brain
  • Cognitive development
  • Decisionmaking
  • Drinking behavior
  • Emotional development
  • Heavy drinking
  • Risk and protective factors
  • Socialization
  • Underage drinking

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Underage alcohol use: Summary of developmental processes and mechanisms: Ages 16-20'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this