Unconventional superconductivity near a nematic instability in a multi-orbital system

Kazi Ranjibul Islam, Andrey Chubukov

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We analyze superconductivity in a multi-orbital fermionic system near the onset of a nematic order, using doped FeSe as an example. We associate nematicity with spontaneous polarization between dxz and dyz orbitals. We derive pairing interaction, mediated by soft nematic fluctuations, and show that it is attractive, and its strength depends on the position on the Fermi surface. As the consequence, right at the nematic quantum-critical point (QCP), superconducting gap opens up at Tc only at special points and extends into finite arcs at T < Tc. In between the arcs the Fermi surface remains intact. This leads to highly unconventional behavior of the specific heat, with no jump at Tc and seemingly finite offset at T = 0. We discuss gap structure and pairing symmetry away from a QCP and compare nematic and spin-fluctuation scenarios. We apply the results to FeSe1−xSx and FeSe1−xTex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number28
Journalnpj Quantum Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2024

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