Fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4) is a leaderless lipid carrier protein primarily expressed by adipocytes and macrophages that not only functions intracellularly but is also secreted. The secretion is mediated via unconventional mechanism(s), and in a variety of species, metabolic dysfunction is correlated with elevated circulating FABP4 levels. In diabetic animals, neutralizing antibodies targeting serum FABP4 increase insulin sensitivity and attenuate hepatic glucose output, suggesting the functional importance of circulating FABP4. Using animal and cell-based models, we show that FABP4 is secreted from white, but not brown, adipose tissue in response to lipolytic stimulation in a sirtuin-1 (SIRT1)-dependent manner via a mechanism that requires some, but not all, autophagic components. Silencing of early autophagic genes such as Ulk1/2, Fip200, or Beclin-1 or chemical inhibition of ULK1/2 or VPS34 attenuated secretion, while Atg5 knockdown potentiated FABP4 release. Genetic knockout of Sirt1 diminished secretion, and serum FABP4 levels were undetectable in Sirt1 knockout mice. In addition, blocking SIRT1 by EX527 attenuated secretion while activating SIRT1 by resveratrol-potentiated secretion. These studies suggest that FABP4 secretion from adipocytes is regulated by SIRT1 and requires early autophagic components.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't