Unconventional quantum oscillations in mesoscopic rings of spin-triplet superconductor Sr2RuO4

X. Cai, Y. A. Ying, N. E. Staley, Y. Xin, D. Fobes, T. J. Liu, Z. Q. Mao, Y. Liu

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Abstract

The odd-parity, spin-triplet superconductor Sr2RuO4 has been found to feature exotic vortex physics including half-flux quanta trapped in a doubly connected sample and the formation of vortex lattices at low fields. The consequences of these vortex states on the low-temperature magnetoresistive behavior of mesoscopic samples of Sr2RuO4 were investigated by using a ring device fabricated on mechanically exfoliated single crystals of Sr2RuO4 by photolithography and a focused ion beam. With the magnetic field applied perpendicular to the in-plane direction, thin-wall rings of Sr2RuO4 were found to exhibit pronounced quantum oscillations with a conventional period of the full-flux quantum even though the unexpectedly large amplitude and the number of oscillations suggest the observation of vortex-flow-dominated magnetoresistance oscillations rather than a conventional Little-Parks effect. For rings with a thick wall, two distinct periods of quantum oscillations were found in high- and low-field regimes, respectively, which we argue to be associated with the "lock-in" of a vortex lattice in these thick-wall rings. No evidence for half-flux-quantum resistance oscillations were identified in any sample measured so far without the presence of an in-plane field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number081104
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume87
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2013

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