Uncertainty analysis of reaction rates in a finite rate surface catalysis model

Cory Sorensen, Paolo Valentini, Thomas E. Schwartzentruber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Scopus citations


The implementation of a finite-rate-catalytic wall boundary condition easily incorporated into generic hypersonic flow solvers is described in detail. Simulations of hypersonic flow over a cylinder are presented using the finite-rate-catalytic model parameterized with a test air-silica chemical model comprising the gas-surface reaction mechanisms and their associated rates. It is demonstrated that backwards recombination rates should not be arbitrarily set but must be consistent with the gas-phase thermodynamics, otherwise a drift from the equilibrium state may occur. The heat flux predicted by the finite rate model lies between non-catalytic and super-catalytic limits depending on the surface temperature. It is found that even for a constant surface temperature, the oxygen recombination efficiencies determined by the model are not only a function of temperature, but also a function of the surface coverage, where recombination efficiencies are seen to rise as coverage decreases. Monte Carlo uncertainty analysis is performed to correlate the influence of individual mechanisms to the stagnation point heat flux. The expected progression of dominant mechanisms is found as the surface temperature is raised, and the uncertainty in heat flux is highly correlated to the reaction rate of the dominant mechanism at a specified surface temperature. It is found that increased surface reactivity increases the chemical heat flux while also altering the boundary layer in a manner that decreases the convective heat heat flux.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd AIAA Thermophysics Conference
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Event42nd AIAA Thermophysics Conference 2011 - Honolulu, HI, United States
Duration: Jun 27 2011Jun 30 2011

Publication series

Name42nd AIAA Thermophysics Conference


Other42nd AIAA Thermophysics Conference 2011
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityHonolulu, HI


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