In view of recent global pandemic the 3-alkynyl substituted 2-chloroquinoxaline framework has been explored as a potential template for the design of molecules targeting COVID-19. Initial in silico studies of representative compounds to assess their binding affinities via docking into the N-terminal RNA-binding domain (NTD) of N-protein of SARS-CoV-2 prompted further study of these molecules. Thus building of a small library of molecules based on the said template became essential for this purpose. Accordingly, a convenient and environmentally safer method has been developed for the rapid synthesis of 3-alkynyl substituted 2-chloroquinoxaline derivatives under Cu-catalysis assisted by ultrasound. This simple and straightforward method involved the coupling of 2,3-dichloroquinoxaline with commercially available terminal alkynes in the presence of CuI, PPh3 and K2CO3 in PEG-400. Further in silico studies revealed some remarkable observations and established a virtual SAR (Structure Activity Relationship) within the series. Three compounds appeared as potential agents for further studies.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thank the management of Dr. Reddy's Institute of Life Sciences, Hyderabad, India, for continuous support and encouragement.
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- In silico study
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article