Ultra-high gradient acceleration in nano-crystal channels

Young Min Shin, Alex Lumpkin, Randy Michael Thurman-Keup, Vladimir Shiltsev, Xiaomei Zhang, Deano Michael Angelo Farinella, Peter Taborek, Toshiki Tajima

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Excitation of plasma waves by short intense laser pulses or particle bunches results in very high accelerating gradients [1]. Crystals have ultimately high density of mobile charge carriers (electrons) ∼ 1019 - 1023 cm-3 and therefore, under short intense EM impact, can possibly support electric fields of up to 30 TV/m of plasma oscillation [2-4]. Atomic lattice in solid crystals remains practically immobile during short impact pulse and its own focusing field of ∼10-100 V/Å is capable of guiding and collimating high energy particles, thus, opening the way to continuously focused acceleration of heavy leptons (muons) to unprecedented energies [5]. Compared to natural crystal, nanostructured crystals, e.g. carbon nanotubes, with dimensional flexibilities can offer a few orders of magnitude larger phase-space volume for channelling particles [6, 7]. Here we present PIC simulation results obtained with two plasma acceleration codes, Vsim and EPOCH, indicating that in the linear regime the beam-driven or laser-driven channelling acceleration in a 100 μm long nano tube can impart to electrons a gain of up to 10 MeV of energy (G = 100 GeV/m). Experimental tests, including a slit-mask beam modulation and pump-probe electron diffraction, are being planned and prepared at Fermilab and NIU to demonstrate the wakefield acceleration in a photo-excited nano-crystal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIPAC 2016 - Proceedings of the 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference
PublisherJoint Accelerator Conferences Website (JACoW)
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9783954501472
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event7th International Particle Accelerator Conference, IPAC 2016 - Busan, Korea, Republic of
Duration: May 8 2016May 13 2016

Publication series

NameIPAC 2016 - Proceedings of the 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference


Conference7th International Particle Accelerator Conference, IPAC 2016
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Work supported by the DOE contract No.DEAC02-07CH1 1359 to the Fermi Research Alliance LLC.

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2016 CC-BY-3.0 and by the respective authors.


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