Tyrosine phosphatases as regulators of skeletal development and metabolism

Katherine R. Schiller, Laura J. Mauro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The protein tyrosine kinases (PTK) and the protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are enzymes which play an integral role in tyrosine phosphorylation- dependent signaling cascades. By catalyzing the phosphorylation and dephosphorylation of cellular proteins, these enzymes direct the steady-state levels of specific phosphoproteins and ultimately dictate the functional state of all cells. The importance of this type of signaling in the skeleton is accepted but poorly understood. The contribution of the PTKs to signaling events in bone has been well studied but, in contrast, the regulation by PTPs is poorly defined. The recent identification of 107 genes within the human genome which encode members of the PTP superfamily emphasizes the need to consider the importance of these proteins in skeletal tissue. In this prospective, we will summarize the present state of our knowledge regarding the function of this enzyme superfamily, illustrating its relevance to the development and maintenance of the skeleton and highlighting future directions that should improve our understanding of these critical signaling molecules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-277
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005


  • Cartilage
  • Dual specificity phosphatase
  • Limb bud
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteoclast
  • Skeleton
  • Tyrosine phosphatase


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