Tympanic membrane perforations and tympanostomy tubes

S. Levine, K. Daly, G. S. Giebink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Tympanoplasty and tympanostomy tubes were developed at the same time and have dramatically changed the treatment of chronic middle ear disease. One hundred forty-nine children who had tubes inserted between ages 6 months and 8 years for chronic otitis media with effusion have been prospectively followed up for an average of 4 years. Fourteen percent developed tympanic membrane perforations. No preoperative factor completely predicted the development of perforation. A majority of the perforations closed spontaneously. Three ears had noncontiguous observations of perforations during follow-up. The implications of these findings are discussed with respect to tympanoplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-30
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Issue number5 II
StatePublished - May 1994


  • otitis media with effusion
  • tympanic membrane perforation
  • tympanoplasty
  • tympanostomy tube


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