Tympanoplasty and tympanostomy tubes were developed at the same time and have dramatically changed the treatment of chronic middle ear disease. One hundred forty-nine children who had tubes inserted between ages 6 months and 8 years for chronic otitis media with effusion have been prospectively followed up for an average of 4 years. Fourteen percent developed tympanic membrane perforations. No preoperative factor completely predicted the development of perforation. A majority of the perforations closed spontaneously. Three ears had noncontiguous observations of perforations during follow-up. The implications of these findings are discussed with respect to tympanoplasty.
- otitis media with effusion
- tympanic membrane perforation
- tympanostomy tube