Background: Although residency programs are well situated for developing a physician workforce with knowledge, skills, and attitudes that incorporate the strengths and reflect the priorities of community organizations, few curricula explicitly do so. Aim: To develop urban health primary care tracks for internal medicine and combined internal medicine-pediatrics residents. Setting: Academic hospital, community health center, and community-based organizations. Participants: Internal medicine and combined internal medicine-pediatrics residents. Program Description: The program integrates community-based experiences with a focus on stakeholder engagement into its curriculum. A significant portion of the training (28 weeks out of 3 years for internal medicine and 34 weeks out of 4 years for medicine-pediatrics) occurs outside the hospital and continuity clinic to support residents’ understanding of structural vulnerabilities. Program Evaluation: Sixteen internal medicine and 14 medicine-pediatrics residents have graduated from our programs. Fifty-six percent of internal medicine graduates and 79% of medicine-pediatrics graduates are seeking primary care careers, and eight overall (27%) have been placed in community organizations. Seven (23%) hold leadership positions. Discussion: We implemented two novel residency tracks that successfully placed graduates in community-based primary care settings. Integrating primary care training with experiences in community organizations can create primary care leaders and may foster collective efficacy among medical centers and community organizations.
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© 2017 Society of General Internal Medicine (outside the USA)