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We report the experimental observation in thin films of the hybridization of the uniform ferromagnetic resonance mode with nonuniform magnons as a result of the two-magnon scattering mechanism, leading to a frequency-pulling effect on the ferromagnetic resonance. This effect, when not properly accounted for, leads to a discrepancy in the dependence of the ferromagnetic resonance field on frequency for different field orientations. The frequency-pulling effect is the complement of the broadening of the ferromagnetic resonance line shape by two-magnon scattering and can be calculated using the same parameters. By accounting for the two-magnon frequency shifts through these means, consistency is achieved in fitting data from in-plane and perpendicular-to-plane resonance conditions.
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This work was supported by SMART, a center funded by nCORE, a Semiconductor Research Corporation program sponsored by NIST. Parts of this work were carried out in the Characterization Facility, University of Minnesota, which receives partial support from NSF through the MRSEC program, and the Minnesota Nano Center, which is supported by NSF through the National Nano Coordinated Network, Award No. NNCI-1542202.
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