Two- and one-dimensional honeycomb structures of silicon and germanium

S. Cahangirov, M. Topsakal, E. Aktürk, H. Šahin, S. Ciraci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2233 Scopus citations

Abstract

First-principles calculations of structure optimization, phonon modes, and finite temperature molecular dynamics predict that silicon and germanium can have stable, two-dimensional, low-buckled, honeycomb structures. Similar to graphene, these puckered structures are ambipolar and their charge carriers can behave like a massless Dirac fermion due to their π and π* bands which are crossed linearly at the Fermi level. In addition to these fundamental properties, bare and hydrogen passivated nanoribbons of Si and Ge show remarkable electronic and magnetic properties, which are size and orientation dependent. These properties offer interesting alternatives for the engineering of diverse nanodevices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number236804
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume102
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2009

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