Background: Circadian blood pressure (BP) measurements provide more information on hypertensive complications than office BP measurements. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy of the first-line combination of perindopril 2 mg plus indapamide 0.625 mg versus atenolol 50 mg on BP parameters and variability over 24 h in patients with hypertension. Methods: A double-blind, randomized, controlled, 12-month study comparing perindopril/indapamide and atenolol was performed in 201 patients (age 55.0 years) with uncomplicated sustained essential hypertension. Ambulatory BP measurements (ABPM) were done every 15 min over 24 h. Results: After 1 year of treatment, the decrease in systolic BP was significantly greater for perindopril/indapamide than for atenolol during the entire 24-h period (-13.8 v -9.2 mm Hg), the daytime and the nighttime periods (P < .01). Diastolic blood pressure (DBP) variations were comparable for the two groups (-7.2 v -8.3 mm Hg, NS). Pulse pressure (PP) reduction was also significantly greater for perindopril/indapamide than for atenolol (for the whole 24 h, -6.6 v -0.9 mm Hg, P < .001). The through to peak (T/P) BP ratio and the smoothness index were comparable in the two groups for DBP. For systolic blood pressure (SBP), higher values of the T/P ratio (0.80 v 0.59) and the smoothness index (1.45 v 0.98; P < .02) were achieved for the perindopril/indapamide combination than for atenolol. Conclusions: The perindopril/indapamide first-line combination decreased SBP and PP more effectively than atenolol. Moreover, the BP control effect was smooth and consistent throughout the 24-h dosing interval and BP reduction variability was lower than the one induced by atenolol.
- Ambulatory blood pressure measurement
- Antihypertensive drug treatment
- Blood pressure variability
- Perindopril/indapamide combination
- Smoothness index
- Trough/peak ratio