Tunable phonon-induced transparency in bilayer graphene nanoribbons

Hugen Yan, Tony Low, Francisco Guinea, Fengnian Xia, Phaedon Avouris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the phenomenon of plasmon-induced transparency, which is a classical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in atomic gases, the coherent interference between two plasmon modes results in an optical transparency window in a broad absorption spectrum. With the requirement of contrasting lifetimes, typically one of the plasmon modes involved is a dark mode that has limited coupling to the electromagnetic radiation and possesses relatively longer lifetime. Plasmon-induced transparency not only leads to light transmission at otherwise opaque frequency regions but also results in the slowing of light group velocity and enhanced optical nonlinearity. In this article, we report an analogous behavior, denoted as phonon-induced transparency (PIT), in AB-stacked bilayer graphene nanoribbons. Here, light absorption due to the plasmon excitation is suppressed in a narrow window due to the coupling with the infrared active δ-point optical phonon, whose function here is similar to that of the dark plasmon mode in the plasmon-induced transparency. We further show that PIT in bilayer graphene is actively tunable by electrostatic gating and estimate a maximum slow light factor of around 500 at the phonon frequency of 1580 cm-1, based on the measured spectra. Our demonstration opens an avenue for the exploration of few-photon nonlinear optics and slow light in this novel two-dimensional material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4581-4586
Number of pages6
JournalNano letters
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 13 2014

Keywords

  • graphene
  • phonon-induced transparency
  • plasmon
  • slow light

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