TrzN from Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 is a zinc amidohydrolase

Nir Shapir, Charlotte Pedersen, Omer Gil, Lisa Strong, Jennifer Seffernick, Michael J. Sadowsky, Lawrence P. Wackett

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42 Scopus citations


TrzN, the broad-specificity triazine hydrolase from Arthrobacter and Nocardioides spp., is reportedly in the amidohydrolase superfamily of metalloenzymes, but previous studies suggested that a metal was not required for activity. To help resolve that conundrum, a double chaperone expression system was used to produce multimilligram quantities of functionally folded, recombinant TrzN. The TrzN obtained from Escherichia coli (trzN) cells cultured with increasing zinc in the growth medium showed corresponding increases in specific activity, and enzyme obtained from cells grown with 500 μM zinc showed maximum activity. Recombinant TrzN contained 1 mole of Zn per mole of TrzN subunit. Maximally active TrzN was not affected by supplementation with most metals nor by EDTA, consistent with previous observations (E. Topp, W. M. Mulbry, H. Zhu, S. M. Nour, and D. Cuppels, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:3134-3141, 2000) which had led to the conclusion that TrzN is not a metalloenzyme. Fully active native TrzN showed a loss of greater than 90% of enzyme activity and bound zinc when treated with the metal chelator 8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid. While exogenously added zinc or cobalt restored activity to metal-depleted TrzN, cobalt supported lower activity than did zinc. Iron, manganese, nickel, and copper did not support TrzN activity. Both Zn- and Co-TrzN showed different relative activities with different s-triazine substrates. Co-TrzN showed a visible absorption spectrum characteristic of other members of the amidohydrolase superfamily replaced with cobalt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5859-5864
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 2006


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