Purpose To study the effect of trypan blue on lens capsule elasticity and ease of completing a continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) in a sheep lens model and to subsequently observe the effects of trypan blue in the surgical setting of 3 pediatric patients. Setting State University of New York, Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA. Design Prospective case series. Methods Twenty-four lenses were excised from fresh sheep globes. Twelve lenses were immersed in trypan blue for 2.5 minutes, and 12 lenses were immersed in a balanced salt solution for 2.5 minutes. Ease of completion of CCC was graded, and intralenticular pressure was quantified. A pediatric cataract surgeon used trypan blue to stain the lens capsules of 3 children during cataract surgery. The surgeon noted the effects of trypan blue on capsule elasticity and on the ease of completion of the CCC. Results Lenses immersed in trypan blue had a mean score of 2.58 in ease of completion of capsulorhexis compared with the control group (1.5) (P = .031). Capsulorhexis was successfully completed in 91.7% of trypan blue cases compared with 58.3% of controls. Immersion in trypan blue decreased the intralenticular pressure by a mean of 4.5 mm Hg (P = .025). Successful capsulorhexis was completed in the 3 pediatric cases. Conclusion Trypan blue improved the success rate of CCC completion in the sheep lens by decreasing lens capsule elasticity. Financial Disclosure None of the authors has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by a challenge grant from Research to Prevent Blindness, to the Department of Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center.
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