True First-Line Local-Anesthesia only Protocol for Transfemoral TAVI

Kerstin D. Piayda, Sameer Gafoor, Stefan Bertog, Mirko Doss, Laura Vaskelyte, Predrag Matic, Jennifer Franke, Ilona Hofmann, Nina Staiger, Markus Reinartz, Horst Sievert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

AIMS: To evaluate the safety and feasibility of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) via femoral access under local anesthesia only (without concomitant sedation) as the initial strategy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients undergoing planned transfemoral TAVI without routine general anesthesia between May 2005 and December 2013 were identified. Baseline characteristics, procedural outcomes, and a 30-day clinical follow-up were obtained. A total of 215 patients underwent TAVI with local anesthesia only as the initial strategy (LA group). Of these patients, 40 (18.6%) received additional sedation (LAS group) during the procedure due to inadequate pain control or agitation and 7 patients (3.3%) underwent conversion to general anesthesia (GA group). TAVI was successfully performed in 211 cases (98.2%). When 30-day outcomes for patients requiring only local anesthesia were compared with patients requiring additional sedation, there was a significantly longer duration of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay in the group with additional sedation (LAS, 5.0 days [range, 3.0-6.0 days] vs LA 3 days [range, 2.0-5.0 days]; P≤.02) and general anesthesia (GA 7.0 days [range, 2.5-18.0 days] vs LA 3 days [range, 2.0-5.0]; P≤.04). CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that TAVI with LA only as the initial strategy is a feasible alternative to GA, with potential benefit of this strategy over using routine concomitant sedation. LA only may be considered a primary option in many patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-508
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Volume27
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • High surgical risk
  • Local anesthesia
  • Severe aortic stenosis
  • TAVI
  • TAVR
  • Transfemoral

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'True First-Line Local-Anesthesia only Protocol for Transfemoral TAVI'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this