Purpose: We sought to evaluate the associations of high-sensitivity troponin T (Hs-TnT), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP) with mortality from any cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, cancer, and respiratory disease in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities cohort. Methods: We included 11,193 participants aged 54 to 74 years, initially free of the conditions being studied, and who had biomarkers measured. Participants were followed for a mean of 9.9 years. Results: Hazard ratios (HR), adjusted for multiple risk factors, for mortality in participants in the highest Hs-TnT category compared with those with undetectable levels were: Total 3.42 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.75-4.26); CVD, 7.34 (95% CI, 4.64-11.6); CHD, 6.06 (95% CI, 2.91-12.6); stroke, 3.31 (95% CI, 1.26-8.66); cancer, 1.60 (95% CI, 1.08-2.38); and respiratory, 3.85 (95% CI, 1.39-10.7). Comparing the highest NT-proBNP quintile with those in the lowest quintile, the adjusted HRs for mortality were: Total, 3.05 (95% CI, 2.46-3.77); CVD, 7.48 (95% CI, 4.67-12.0); CHD, 4.07 (95% CI, 2.07-7.98); and stroke, 10.4 (95% CI, 2.26-47.7). Comparing extreme Hs-CRP quintiles, the adjusted HRs for mortality were: Total, 1.61 (95% CI, 1.32-1.97); CVD, 1.76 (95% CI, 1.19-2.62); and respiratory, 3.36 (95% CI, 1.34-8.45). Having multiple markers elevated simultaneously greatly increased cause-specific mortality risks. Conclusions: Greater levels of Hs-TnT, NT-proBNP and Hs-CRP are associated with increased risk of death, not just from CVD, but also from some noncardiovascular causes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Sources of Funding: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study is carried out as a collaborative study supported by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute contracts ( HHSN268201100005C , HHSN268201100006C , HHSN268201100007C , HHSN268201100008C , HHSN268201100009C , HHSN268201100010C , HHSN268201100011C , and HHSN268201100012C ).
- B-natriuretic peptide
- C-reactive protein
- Troponin T