Trinexapac-ethyl affects kentucky bluegrass root architecture

Jeffrey S. Beasley, Bruce E. Branham, Loretta M. Ortiz-Ribbing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trinexapac-ethyl (TE) [4-(cyclopropyl-a-hydroxy-methylene)-3,5- dioxocyclohexanecarboxylic acid ethyl ester] effects on turfgrass root architecture are not known. It has been postulated that PGR application could cause photoassimilate that is normally used for shoot growth to be funneled to root growth. This study evaluated the effects of a single TE application on Kentucky bluegrass (KBG) root and shoot growth for seven weeks. Individual KBG plants were grown in a hydroponic system and harvested weekly. At each harvest, tiller height, tiller number, and color ratings were recorded. Estimates of total root length (TRL), root surface area (SA), and average root diameter were measured using the WinRhizo system. Trinexapac-ethyl reduced plant height for 4 weeks followed by a period of postinhibition growth enhancement. Trinexapac-ethyl increased tiller number over the course of the study and slightly enhanced plant color. Trinexapac-ethyl reduced TRL and SA 48% and 46% at 1 week after treatment (WAT) followed by an accelerated growth rate 1 to 4 WAT. Trinexapac-ethyl had no effect on root diameter. On a tiller basis, TE initially reduced TRL and SA 30% and 31%, respectively. Total root length per tiller and root surface area per tiller were reduced by TE treatment, but by 7 WAT, those differences were no longer significant. Initial reductions in TRL and SA per tiller may reduce tiller competitiveness for water and nutrients. Based on data for TRL and SA per tiller, shoot and root growth must be considered in total to fully understand TE effects on plant growth. Field research is needed to corroborate results from hydroponic-studies and examine the effect of various TE rates and multiple applications on turfgrass root and shoot growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1539-1542
Number of pages4
JournalHortScience
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Azure A
  • PGRs
  • Root length
  • Root surface area
  • Shoot growth

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