Triazole-estradiol analogs: A potential cancer therapeutic targeting ovarian and colorectal cancer

Trevor Ostlund, Faez Alotaibi, Jennifer Kyeremateng, Hossam Halaweish, Abigail Kasten, Surtaj Iram, Fathi Halaweish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


1,2,3-triazoles have continuously shown effectiveness as biologically active systems towards various cancers, and when used in combination with steroid skeletons as a carrier, which can act as a drug delivery system, allows for a creation of a novel set of analogs that may be useful as a pharmacophore leading to a potential treatment option for cancer. A common molecular target for cancer inhibition is that of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor/Mitogen Activated Protein Kinase pathways, as inhibition of these proteins is associated with a decrease in cell viability. Estradiol-Triazole analogs were thus designed using a molecular modeling approach. Thirteen of the high scoring analogs were then synthesized and tested in-vitro on an ovarian cancer cell line (A2780) and colorectal cancer cell line (HT-29). The most active compound, Fz25, shows low micromolar activity in both the ovarian (15.29 ± 2.19 µM) and colorectal lines (15.98 ± 0.39 µM). Mechanism of action studies proved that Fz25 moderately arrests cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle, specifically inhibiting STAT3 in both cell lines. Additionally, Fz57 shows activity in the colorectal line (24.19 ± 1.37 µM). Inhibition studies in both cell lines show inhibition against various proteins in the EGFR pathway, namely EGFR, STAT3, ERK, and mTOR. To further study their effects as therapeutics, Fz25 and Fz57 were studied against drug efflux proteins, which are associated with drug resistance, and were found to inhibit the ABC transporter P-glycoprotein. We can conclude that these estradiol-triazole analogs provide a key for future studies targeting protein inhibition and drug resistance in cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108950
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021


  • Click-chemistry
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Drug-efflux proteins
  • EGFR/MAPK pathways
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Triazole


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