Trends in pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis correlate with the degree of glucose intolerance at baseline

Carlos E. Milla, Warren J. Warwick, Antoinette Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

256 Scopus citations

Abstract

In patients with cystic fibrosis, CF-related diabetes mellitus (CFRD) has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Whether glucose intolerance is also associated with poor outcomes is unclear. To better define these relationships we prospectively followed a group of 152 patients with CF without diabetes for 4 yr. Patients were classified as having normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), or CFRD without fasting hyperglycemia (CFRD-No FH). FEV1, FVC, and body mass index (BMI) were measured at baseline and quarterly. At baseline 45% of the patients had NGT, 38.8% had IGT, and 15.8% had CFRD-No FH. FEV1, FVC, and BMI at baseline were comparable among these groups (all p > 0.1). After 4 yr an overall decline in FEV1 and FVC occurred, with no change in BMI. The rates of decline for FEV1 and FVC correlated with the glucose tolerance groups, with the highest rates of decline occurring among the CFRD-No FH group. In addition, patients in the lowest quartile for insulin production at baseline experienced the highest rates of pulmonary function decline over time, suggesting a relationship between insulin deficiency and clinical deterioration. We conclude that the degree of glucose intolerance is a strong determinant of future lung function decline in patients with CF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)891-895
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume162
Issue number3 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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