Trends and predictors of 30-day readmissions in subjects with eosinophilic esophagitis: Results from a national cohort

Sachin Srinivasan, Suneha Sundaram, Kevin F. Kennedy, Divyanshoo R. Kohli, Fabian Emura, Prateek Sharma, Madhav Desai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic allergic inflammatory condition causing recurrent dysphagia and may predispose patients to repeated hospitalizations. We assessed temporal trends and factors affecting readmissions in patients with EoE. Methods: Patients with primary diagnosis of EoE and/or a complication (dysphagia, weight loss, and esophageal perforation) from EoE between 2010 and 2017 were identified from the National Readmissions Database using the International Classification of Diseases codes. The primary outcome was incidence of EoE related 30-day readmission. Independent risk factors for readmissions were evaluated using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Secondary outcomes were temporal trends of readmissions and healthcare costs. Results: Of the 2,676 (mean age 45 ± 17.8 years, 1,667 males) index adult admissions, 2,103 (79%) patients underwent an upper endoscopy during the admission. The mean length of stay (LOS) was 3 ± 3.7 days. The 30-day readmission rate was steady at 6.8% from 2010 to 2017 and majority of the readmissions occurred by day 10 of index discharge. Age > 70 years was associated with a higher trend in 30-day readmission (P < 0.001). Longer LOS, history of smoking and the presence of eosinophilic gastroenteritis predicted readmission. Conversely, a history of foreign body impaction and upper endoscopy (including esophageal dilation) at index admission were negatively associated with readmission. Mean hospital charges significantly increased from $24,783 in 2010 to $40,922 in 2017. Conclusion: Readmissions due to EoE are more likely to occur in the first 10 days of discharge and at a lesser rate when upper endoscopies are performed at the index admission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberdoab060
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Dysphagia
  • Endoscopic therapy
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis

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