Treg engage lymphotoxin beta receptor for afferent lymphatic transendothelial migration

C. Colin Brinkman, Daiki Iwami, Molly K. Hritzo, Yanbao Xiong, Sarwat Ahmad, Thomas Simon, Keli L. Hippen, Bruce R. Blazar, Jonathan S. Bromberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are essential to suppress unwanted immunity or inflammation. After islet allo-transplant Tregs must migrate from blood to allograft, then via afferent lymphatics to draining LN to protect allografts. Here we show that Tregs but not non-Treg T cells use lymphotoxin (LT) during migration from allograft to draining LN, and that LT deficiency or blockade prevents normal migration and allograft protection. Treg LTαβ rapidly modulates cytoskeletal and membrane structure of lymphatic endothelial cells; dependent on VCAM-1 and non-canonical NF° B signalling via LTβR. These results demonstrate a form of T-cell migration used only by Treg in tissues that serves an important role in their suppressive function and is a unique therapeutic focus for modulating suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12021
JournalNature communications
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 21 2016

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