Treatment of unexplained syncope: A multicenter, randomized trial of cardiac pacing guided by adenosine 5′-triphosphate testing

Daniel Flammang, Timothy R. Church, Luc De Roy, Jean Jacques Blanc, Jean Leroy, Georges H. Mairesse, Akli Otmani, Pierre J. Graux, Robert Frank, Philippe Purnode

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-: The origin of 40% of syncope cases remains unknown even after a complete diagnostic workup. Previous studies have suggested that ATP testing has value in selecting successful therapy. This patient-blinded, multicenter, randomized superiority trial tested whether, in patients with syncope of unknown origin, selecting cardiac pacing in those with a positive ATP test leads to fewer recurrences than those who do not receive pacing. Methods and Results-: From 2000 to 2005, 80 consenting patients (mean age, 75.9±7.7 years; 81% women; 56% without diagnosed structural heart disease) with syncope of unknown origin and atrioventricular or sinoatrial block lasting >10 seconds (average, 17.9±6.8 seconds) under ATP administration (20-mg IV bolus) were recruited from 10 hospitals, implanted with programmable pacemakers, and randomized to either active pacing (dual-chamber pacing at 70 bpm) or backup pacing (atrial pacing at 30 bpm). Patients were followed up regularly for up to 5 years for any syncope recurrence, the primary outcome. Mean follow-up was 16 months. Syncope recurred in 8 of 39 patients (21%) randomized to active pacing and in 27 of 41 (66%) randomized to backup pacing (control), yielding a hazard ratio of 0.25 (95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.56). After recurrence, the 27 recurrent control patients were reprogrammed to active pacing, and only 1 reported subsequent syncope. Conclusion-: This study suggests that, in elderly patients with syncope of unknown origin and positive ATP tests, active dual-chamber pacing reduces syncope recurrence risk by 75% (95% confidence interval, 44-88). Clinical Trial Registration-: URL: http://www.controlled- trials.com/ISRCTN00029383. Unique identifier: ISRCTN00029383.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalCirculation
Volume125
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 3 2012

Keywords

  • adenosine triphosphate
  • pacemaker, artificial
  • randomized controlled trials
  • syncope
  • syncope, vasovagal

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