Treatment of multiple areas of gingival recession using a simple harvesting echnique for autogenous connective tissue graft

Dwight E. McLeod, Elio Reyes, Grishondra Branch-Mays

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A clinical case is presented describing a simple approach to harvest a connective tissue graft from the palate. This technique involves partial palatal deepithelialization and procurement of a layer of thin and uniform abundant connective tissue to treat multiple areas of gingival recession. Methods: A 52-year-old European American male was referred for treatment of root sensitivity associated with gingival recession stemming from toothbrush abrasion. The areas of gingival recession associated with teeth #18 through #22 and teeth #27 through #31 were classified as Miller Class III gingival recession. A tunnel technique was planned for both areas in the mandible. The right palate, which served as the donor site, was deepithelialized, and a large connective tissue graft ;∼1 mm thick was harvested. A periodontal probe was used to pass the graft through the tunnel, and the grafted areas were sutured using one or two vertical mattress sutures per interdental area. Results: The patient was followed until complete healing was achieved. At 3 months, there was improvement in gingival thickness, keratinized tissue width, and root coverage. Complete root coverage occurred in three of the 10 treated teeth, and the remaining teeth obtained 80% to 90% root coverage. The patient's root sensitivity symptoms were resolved. Conclusions: The technique is practical and simple to perform. This approach, involving partial palatal deepithelialization and the applied tunnel surgical procedure, resulted in a successful clinical outcome with increased gingival tissue thickness, keratinized tissue, and root coverage. J Periodontol 2009;80: 1680-1687.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1680-1687
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume80
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

Keywords

  • Case report
  • Connective tissue
  • Esthetics
  • Gingival recession
  • Grafts
  • Surgery

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