Treatment of infarct related heart failure: Vasodilators other than ACE inhibitors

Jay N Cohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vasodilator drugs, particularly intravenously infused nitroprusside and an orally administered combination of hydralazine and isosorbide dinitrate, exert a profoundly favorable hemodynamic effect in the setting of heart failure complicating a prior myocardial infarction. Although these oral drugs also may relieve symptoms and improve exercise tolerance, the long-term benefits appear to be related to inhibition or reversal of the left ventricular dilation that results in a progressive fall in left ventricular ejection fraction. The long-term efficacy of both ACE inhibitors and hydralazine-nitrate in symptomatic heart failure makes the vasodilator combination a rational alternative to an ACE inhibitor and possibly an effective agent for cotherapy with an ACE inhibitor. Trials are needed to test the additive efficacy of this vasodilator combination and to develop other safe and effective drugs that target the progressive remodeling process in heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-122
Number of pages4
JournalCardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1994

Keywords

  • ejection fraction
  • exercise tolerance
  • hydralazine
  • isosorbide dinitrate
  • left ventricular remodeling

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