Treatment of a large acoustic tumor with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy

Shearwood McClelland, Bruce J Gerbi, Kwan H. Cho, Walter A. Hall

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Background: The treatment of acoustic neuromas (AN) usually involves surgical excision or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). However, for large AN (mean diameter >3 cm), SRS is rarely used, leaving patients with limited noninvasive treatment options. Recently, the use of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) has been effective in treating small to medium-sized AN. We present a patient with large AN treated with FSRT. Methods: The patient was a 43-year-old man presenting with imbalance, tinnitus, vertigo, and right-sided hearing decline associated with vomiting and hydrocephalus. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a large 3.8-cm right cerebellopontine angle tumor compressing the fourth ventricle. Following right frontal ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement, the patient underwent FSRT for treatment of the tumor. Using the Radionics X-Knife 4.0 3D treatment planning system, a total of 54 Gy was delivered in 1.8-Gy daily fractions with the prescription isodose line of 90%. Treatments were delivered using a dedicated Varian 6/100 linear accelerator, and head immobilization was achieved with the Gill-Thomas-Cosman relocatable stereotactic frame. The patient was subsequently evaluated with serial contrast-enhanced MR imaging. Results: Following FSRT, local control (defined as the absence of tumor progression) was achieved and treatment was well tolerated. There was no hearing-related, trigeminal or facial nerve morbidity following FSRT at the 63-month follow-up. Conclusion: Treating a patient with a large AN with FSRT resulted in local tumor control, with no trigeminal nerve, facial nerve or hearing-related morbidity. These results support FSRT as a potential noninvasive treatment modality for AN that some would consider too large for single-fraction SRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRadiosurgery
Subtitle of host publication8th International Stereotactic Radiosurgery Society Meeting, San Francisco, June 2007
Pages169-174
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 19 2010

Publication series

NameRadiosurgery
Volume7
ISSN (Print)1024-2651
ISSN (Electronic)1662-3940

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    McClelland, S., Gerbi, B. J., Cho, K. H., & Hall, W. A. (2010). Treatment of a large acoustic tumor with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy. In Radiosurgery: 8th International Stereotactic Radiosurgery Society Meeting, San Francisco, June 2007 (pp. 169-174). (Radiosurgery; Vol. 7). https://doi.org/10.1159/000288728