Treatment Modalities and Perceived Effectiveness of Treatment Among Adults With Depression

Sirry Alang, Donna McAlpine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Patient-reported outcomes of mental health treatment, such as perceived effectiveness, are important. They indicate whether treatment is perceived to reduce symptoms and minimize psychiatric disability. Outpatient treatment for depression typically includes medication or counseling, either alone or in combination. This study examines the relationship between treatment modality and perceived effectiveness of treatment. Using a sample of adults who received outpatient treatment for depression from the 2015-2016 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (N = 4169), logistic regressions estimated the odds of rating treatment as effective among persons who received medication only, counseling only, and a combination of medication and counseling. There were no differences in perceived effectiveness between counseling only and medication only. However, receiving both was associated with greater odds of rating treatment as effective. Poor self-rated health and severe mental illness were associated with lower perceived effectiveness of medication. Those with substance use problems had lower odds of rating counseling and both counseling and medication as effective. A combined treatment for depression may be perceived as better than single-modality treatment. Therefore, there might be benefits to increasing access to both forms of treatment for persons less likely to rate either single modality as effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHealth Services Insights
StatePublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.


  • Mental health services
  • depression treatment modalities
  • perceived effectiveness of treatment

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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