Posttreatment occlusion following orthognathic surgery is often different from that predicted in the treatment plan. Differences between intended and actual occlusion may be treatment-induced occlusal errors caused by mismatches between the centers of rotation of the mandible and of the articulated models. Discrepancies in the position of the articulator center of rotation (relative to the position of the center of rotation of the patient's mandible) influence the magnitude of occlusal errors. A computer model was developed to quantify these errors. As the center of rotation of the articulated models becomes more divergent from the patient's center of rotation, the magnitude of the occlusal errors increases. This magnitude increases most rapidly along the line that is perpendicular to the line joining the patient's center of rotation and a preselected mandibular landmark (incisor tip or molar cusp, for instance). For small changes in vertical dimension, clinically insignificant errors result, independent of the degree of mismatch between the centers of rotation. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed.
- center of rotation
- orthognathic surgery