Objective: To report on transvenous detachable coiling in small dogs deemed ineligible for traditional transarterial patent ductus arteriosus occlusion and compare transthoracic echocardiographic and angiographic measurements to determine their equivalence. Materials and methods: A retrospective study of 35 dogs that underwent transvenous coiling of a patent ductus arteriosus. Demographic information, echocardiographic and angiographic studies, surgery reports, and follow-up evaluation of residual flow were obtained. A Bland-Altman analysis was used to compare echocardiographic and angiographic measurements of the minimal ductal diameter (Echo-MDD, Ang-MDD) and ampulla diameter (Echo-A, Ang-A). Results: Thirty-four of 35 dogs had successful deployment of a coil, with one dog undergoing occlusion with a different device after the exteriorized coil pulled through the ductus. Complete occlusion was achieved in 18 dogs within 24 h; four dogs were lost to follow-up, and the remaining 12 dogs had no residual flow or a significant reduction in shunting with normalization in cardiac chamber dimensions by a median of 99 days. Thirty percent of dogs (11/35) experienced perioperative complications of which 10 were minor complications. The analysis of 26 dogs with both echocardiographic and angiographic ductal measurements showed a −0.14 mm mean difference (95% limits of agreement −1.08 to 0.8 mm) in minimal ductal diameter and −0.68 mm mean difference (95% limits of agreement −2.73 to 1.37 mm) in ampulla diameter. Conclusions: Dogs less than 3 kg deemed too small for transarterial occlusion can successfully undergo transvenous coil embolization of patent ductus arteriosus.
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© 2022 Elsevier B.V.
- Congenital heart disease
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article