Transmission of HLA-DP variants from parents to children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Log-linear analysis using the case-parent design

Malcolm Taylor, Tracy L. Bergemann, Adiba Hussain, Pamela D. Thompson, Logan Spector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP ALL) is usually initiated in utero and is thought to progress to overt leukemia under the influence of delayed exposure to a common infection. Based on the hypothesis that polymorphic HLA-DP variants can restrict T-cell responses to infection, we previously compared DP supertype frequencies in BCP ALL patients with that of unrelated newborn controls. We reported that the DP2 supertype was associated with susceptibility, whereas DP1 was associated with protection. However, the association of genetic variants in children with early-onset diseases such as ALL may be a proxy for parental effects. Here we examine whether maternal DP1 and DP2 are associated with BCP ALL by fitting log-linear models in a combined series of family triads (both parents and case child) and dyads (1 parent and case child; n = 571) in comparison with similar models in non-BCP leukemia (n = 198). We report no evidence of maternal DP1 or DP2 associations with BCP ALL, but we did identify suggestive evidence of maternal undertransmission of the infrequent supertypes DP11 and DP15. Although these results require confirmation, they suggest that DP11 and DP15 may be protective or that there is transmission ratio distortion of these supertypes in BCP ALL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-903
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume72
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Keywords

  • Childhood bcp ALL
  • HLA-DP supertype
  • Log-linear modeling
  • Maternal response
  • Parental transmission

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