The defect structure of crustally deformed orthopyroxenes from a dunite, a peridotite, and a pyroxenite are characterized and their defect structures are compared with that of an orthopyroxene of a lherzolite from a volcanic xenolith. The microstructures contained isolated unit dislocations, isolated stacking faults, and Ca-rich, clinopyroxene lamellae. The isolated dislocations have Burgers vectors, b, which were predominantly . The stacking faults have a displacement vector R =1/4. A lamellae consisted of a 1/4 μ wide Ca-rich region bounded by complex dislocation arrays. These lamellae are usually 100 μ or more in length and are nearly parallel to the (100) in the matrix. The dislocations in the boundary regions are spaced about 500 Å apart. The lherzolite orthopyroxenes were nearly free of isolated defects, in comparison to the other samples. Annealing at 1390° C for 1 hr produced no detectable recovery of the isolated defects in the orthopyroxene substructure.