Transmembrane orientation of the mannose 6-phosphate receptor in isolated clathrin-coated vesicles

G. G. Sahagian, C. J. Steer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mannose-6-phosphate (Man-6-P) receptor is an integral membrane glycoprotein which mediates intracellular transport and receptor-mediated endocytosis of lysosomal proteins. Clathrin-coated vesicles, which have been shown to be significantly involved in these processes, have also been shown to be a major subcellular site of the receptor. In order to define the orientation of the Man-6-P receptor within the coated vesicle membrane, highly purified preparations of coated vesicles were prepared from bovine brain employing D2O/sucrose gradient centrifugation and Sephacryl S-1000 column chromatography. Using [35S]methionine-labeled lysosomal enzymes secreted by Chinese hamster ovary cells as receptor ligand, significant binding activity was detected only upon permeabilization of the coated vesicle membranes with detergent. Prior treatment of intact vesicles with proteinase K resulted in similar binding activity upon permeabilization. However, examination of the receptor by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting with rabbit anti-receptor serum revealed that proteinase K treatment of intact vesicles reduced the size of the receptor by 12,000 daltons. A similar decrease in size was obtained when the vesicles were treated with carboxypeptidase Y. These results suggest that the Man-6-P receptor is a transmembrane protein with its lysosomal enzyme binding site oriented toward the lumen of the coated vesicle and its C-terminal end exposed to the exterior or cytoplasmic portion of the vesicle membrane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9838-9842
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number17
StatePublished - Dec 1 1985

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