Transient shear and extensional properties of biodegradable polycaprolactone

Bikram Kapoor, M. Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Transient shear and extensional properties of two grades of partially crystalline biodegradable aliphatic polyesters, poly ε caprolactone (PCL), were investigated at three different temperatures. Uniaxial extensional viscosity at a constant strain rate was obtained using the Meissner apparatus. The magnitudes of the stress-over-shoot during stress growth experiments were smaller than those typically observed for other polymers. Higher melt temperature and higher strain led to faster relaxation, while the lower molecular weight PCL 767 relaxed faster than the higher molecular weight PCL 787. The relaxation moduli are independent of strain for strain values below 0.1. Transient extensional measurements were conducted at strain rates of 0.01 to 1.0 s-1. At small stresses the extensional viscosity has the threefold value of shear viscosity as predicted by Trouton. There appeared to be no steady state regime for either grade of PCL studied. The departure from the linear limit is fastest for the highest extensional rate. Extension thickening behavior is observed at Hencky strains ranging from 1.0 to 2.0 PCL 767 displayed greater extension thickening than PCL 787 at the same temperatures. The Wagner integral constitutive equation was found to give an acceptable fit to the stress growth data in shear and extension, with the fit being better for PCL 767 than for PCL 787.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-687
Number of pages12
JournalPolymer Engineering and Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999


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