Transformer spin-triplet superconductivity at the onset of isospin order in bilayer graphene

Zhiyu Dong, Andrey V. Chubukov, Leonid Levitov

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We consider the origin of superconductivity found recently in Bernal bilayer graphene at the onset of isospin-polarized order, trying to infer the pairing mechanism and superconducting order from the measurements available to date. The superconductivity is induced by a parallel magnetic field and persists well above the Pauli limit, indicating an unconventional scenario of quantum-critical pairing, where soft fluctuations of isospin give rise to spin-triplet superconductivity. We consider the scenario in which the pairing interaction is entirely repulsive, which stands in contrast to the typical quantum-critical pairing mechanisms. Superconductivity emerges through a "transformer"mechanism where, in the presence of an in-plane magnetic field, the incipient valley polarization converts a frequency-independent repulsion into one with a strong nonmonotonic frequency dependence. Such an interaction enables a nonzero solution for the pairing gap function that changes sign as a function of frequency. The same mechanism holds at zero field in the presence of spin-orbit coupling, providing a likely explanation for the recently observed superconductivity in bilayer graphene on the WSe2 monolayer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number174512
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number17
StatePublished - May 1 2023

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