Intimal hyperplasia, common at the deployment site of an intra-arterial stent, may be caused by artery wall hypoxia. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an intra-arterial stent on artery wall oxygen concentrations. Transarterial wall oxygen gradients were measured by microelectrode at stent deployment sites in New Zealand White rabbits. Thinned artery walls and decreased oxygen tensions were noted throughout the artery wall immediately following stent deployment with a return toward control values at 28 days. Angioplasty alone had no acute effect on artery wall oxygen concentrations. Larger stent deployment diameters yielded acutely lower artery wall oxygen tensions. Using a linear one-dimensional model for the oxygen profile, we noted that stent deployment resulted in acute changes in oxygen consumption in the inner artery wall that rapidly returned to control values. Changes were noted without differences in blood pressure or arterial blood oxygen concentrations. Oxygen delivery to and consumption within the artery wall are altered by intra-arterial stent deployment. A role for artery wall hypoxia in artery wall pathology at the deployment site of an intra-arterial stent is supported by these findings.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||4 48-4|
|State||Published - 2000|
- Artery wall hypoxia
- Oxygen consumption
- Oxygen delivery