Transactivator Protein BICP0 of Bovine Herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) Is Blocked by Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), Which Points to a Mechanism for PGD2-Mediated Inhibition of BHV-1 Replication

Okay Saydam, Carlos Abril, Bernd Vogt, Mathias Ackermann, Martin Schwyzer

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4 Scopus citations


The immediate-early protein, BICP0, of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) transactivates a variety of viral and cellular genes. In a yeast two-hybrid cDNA library screening, we found that lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase, which catalyzes the production of prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), is a cellular target of BICP0. We observed that, during wild-type BHV-1 infection, PGD2 levels were increased intracellularly and decreased in the medium. These effects were absent upon infection with recombinant BHV-1 expressing β-galactosidase instead of BICP0 (A2G2). Transient-expression assays showed that BICP0 alone caused a significant increase in PGD2 levels in the cell. PGD2 repressed BHV-1 replication in cultured cells. Antiviral activities of prostaglandins have been documented long ago, but their mode of action remains to be clarified. Here we provide evidence that PGD2 impairs the transactivation ability of BICP0 that is necessary for efficient virus replication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3805-3810
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of virology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

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