Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya

Kathryn J. Fiorella, Carol S. Camlin, Charles R. Salmen, Ruth Omondi, Matthew D. Hickey, Dan O. Omollo, Erin M. Milner, Elizabeth A. Bukusi, Lia C.H. Fernald, Justin S. Brashares

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20 Scopus citations


Women's access to natural resources for food and livelihoods is shaped by resource availability, income, and the gender dynamics that mediate access. In fisheries, where men often fish but women comprise 90% of traders, transactional sex is among the strategies women use to access resources. Using the case of Lake Victoria, we employed mixed methods (in-depth interviews, n = 30; cross-sectional survey, n = 303) to analyze the influence of fish declines on fish-for-sex relationships. We found that fish declines affect relationship duration and women's bargaining power. Our results have broad implications for the dynamics of economies dependent on increasingly scarce resources throughout the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-332
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Development
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015


  • Food insecurity
  • Gender
  • Global change
  • HIV
  • Natural resources
  • Public health

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    Fiorella, K. J., Camlin, C. S., Salmen, C. R., Omondi, R., Hickey, M. D., Omollo, D. O., Milner, E. M., Bukusi, E. A., Fernald, L. C. H., & Brashares, J. S. (2015). Transactional Fish-for-Sex Relationships Amid Declining Fish Access in Kenya. World Development, 74, 323-332.