Extremum seeking of nonlinear systems based on a sampled-data control law is revisited. It is established that under some generic assumptions, semi-global practical asymptotically stable convergence to an extremum can be achieved. To this end, trajectory-based arguments are employed, by contrast with Lyapunov-function-type approaches in the existing literature. The proof is simpler and more straightforward; it is based on assumptions that are in general easier to verify. The proposed extremum seeking framework may encompass more general optimisation algorithms, such as those which do not admit a state-update realisation and/or Lyapunov functions. Multi-unit extremum seeking is also investigated within the context of accelerating the speed of convergence.