Training for perioperative smoking cessation interventions: A national survey of anesthesiology program directors and residents

Caleb R. Schultz, Jeffrey J. Benson, David A. Cook, David O. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Study Objective: To ascertain current knowledge, attitudes, and practices of anesthesiology residents regarding tobacco control, and to determine the characteristics of current residency training offered in tobacco control.Design: Electronically distributed survey instrument of anesthesiology residency program directors and residents.Setting: University medical center.Measurements and Main Results: The program director and resident response rates were 75/131 (57.3%) and 490/1182 (41.4%), respectively. Programs currently provide education regarding the perioperative consequences of smoking and, with the exception of the effect of smoking cessation shortly before surgery, resident knowledge reflected this curricular emphasis. However, the strong majority of programs did not offer education on how to ask about smoking status and advise cessation (79.5%) or help tobacco users quit before surgery (89.0%), though both program directors and residents felt these topics should be covered. A strong majority of residents (87.8%) felt the perioperative period was an effective time to assist in long-term smoking cessation, and desired education on tobacco control. Barriers to helping patients quit preoperatively included lack of time and low confidence in counseling abilities.Conclusions: A need exists for expanded formal education on perioperative tobacco cessation interventions for anesthesiology residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-569
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Anesthesiology residency
  • Perioperative tobacco control
  • Residency education
  • Smoking cessation programs


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